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Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências

Print version ISSN 0001-3765On-line version ISSN 1678-2690

Abstract

LOCATELLI, GABRIEL OLIVO; FINKLER, LEANDRO  and  FINKLER, CHRISTINE L.L.. Comparison of acid and enzymatic hydrolysis of pectin, as inexpensive source to cell growth of Cupriavidus necator. An. Acad. Bras. Ciênc. [online]. 2019, vol.91, n.2, e20180333.  Epub Apr 25, 2019. ISSN 0001-3765.  https://doi.org/10.1590/0001-3765201920180333.

Abstract: The present work investigated what the appropriate methods of hydrolysis of pectin for reducing compounds (RCs) production, employed as a substrate for cell growth of Cupriavidus necator. This microorganism has great importance industrial, because besides potential single cell protein (SCP), is the most studied microorganism for production of polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB), and both processes require high cell concentration with inexpensive substrates For this, it was compared to acid and enzymatic hydrolysis procedures, through rotational central composite experimental design, using pectin concentration (1.0%). It was analyzed as a variable response for both experimental design, the RCs’ production. The best conditions of each procedure were used in study kinetics of RCs’ production and as a substrate for cell growth of C. necator. The results indicated that the enzymatic hydrolysis method was the most efficient, with a 93.0% yield of RCs, while the yield for acid hydrolysis was 60.0%. The optimum conditions for enzymatic hydrolysis were an enzyme concentration of 10.01 UI/g (International Unit of enzyme per gram of pectin) and an agitation speed of 230.3 rpm. C. necator showed satisfactory growth in the media containing pectin hydrolysates, with specific growth rates (μMax) similar to those reported for other substrates.

Keywords : Cupriavidus necator; galacturonic acid; pectin depolymerization; pectin hydrolysates; polygalacturonase.

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