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Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências

Print version ISSN 0001-3765On-line version ISSN 1678-2690

Abstract

RECHE, MARIA HELENA L.R. et al. Microbial, physical and chemical properties of irrigation water in rice fields of Southern Brazil. An. Acad. Bras. Ciênc. [online]. 2016, vol.88, n.1, pp.361-375.  Epub Mar 04, 2016. ISSN 0001-3765.  https://doi.org/10.1590/0001-3765201620140466.

This paper presents the results of the statistical analysis of microbiological, physical and chemical parameters related to the quality of the water used in rice fields in Southern Brazil. Data were collected during three consecutive crop years, within structure of a comprehensive monitoring program. The indicators used were: potential hydrogen, electrical conductivity, turbidity, nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, total and fecal coliforms. Principal Component and Discriminant Analysis showed consistent differences between the water irrigation and drainage, as the temporal variation demonstrated a clear reduction in the concentration of most of the variables analyzed. The pattern of this reduction is not the same in the two regions - that is, the importance of each of the different variables in the observed differentiation is modified in two locations. These results suggested that the variations in the water quality utilized for rice irrigation was influenced by certain specific aspects of each rice region in South Brazilian - such as anthropic action or soil/climate conditions in each hydrographic basin.

Keywords : agrosystems; irrigation; rice field; spatial variation.

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