Arquivos Brasileiros de Endocrinologia & Metabologia
On-line version ISSN 1677-9487
CERCATO, Cintia et al. Risco cardiovascular em uma população de obesos. Arq Bras Endocrinol Metab [online]. 2000, vol.44, n.1, pp.45-48. ISSN 1677-9487. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0004-27302000000100008.
According to the literature cardiovascular risks have a direct relationship with body mass index (BMI). The aim of our study was to verify the relationship between BMI and prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors in a sample of obese patients searching for treatment in our hospital, and to verify if there was greater aggregation of risk factors into the quarters with greater BMI. 474 obese subjects were studied (86.9% female and 13.1% male). They were divided in quarters according to BMI and the presence of hypertension, diabetes mellitus and dyslipidemia was accessed. The patients were also classified in high, moderate and low risk groups according to criteria of the National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP). The first quarter was formed by patients with BMI 30-33.99kg/m2, and the second, third and last quarter respectively by BMI 34-37.19kg/m2, 37.2-41.77kg/m2 and 41.78-79.8kg/m2. There was a marked increase in the prevalence of hypertension, diabetes mellitus and triglycerides levels as the BMI increased, but there wasn't relationship with levels of cholesterol. The prevalence of patients with moderate and high risk increased with the increase in BMI. In our sample of obese patients there was an increase in the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors in the population of greater BMI.
Keywords : Cardiovascular risk; Obesity; Body mass index (BMI).