Arquivos Brasileiros de Endocrinologia & Metabologia
On-line version ISSN 1677-9487
KULAK, Carolina A.M. et al. Bone density and bone turnover markers in patients with epilepsy on chronic antiepileptic drug therapy. Arq Bras Endocrinol Metab [online]. 2007, vol.51, n.3, pp. 466-471. ISSN 1677-9487. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0004-27302007000300016.
In this comparative, cross-sectional study, we evaluated 55 patients with epilepsy on chronic use of antiepileptic drugs (AED); [(38 females and 17 males, 35 ± 6 years (25 to 47)] and compared to 24 healthy subjects (17 females/7 males). Laboratorial evaluation of bone and mineral metabolism including measurements of bone specific alkaline phosphatase (BALP) and carboxyterminal telopeptide of type I collagen (CTX-I) were performed. Bone mineral density (BMD) was measured by DXA. BALP and CTX-I levels did not differ significantly between the groups. CTX-I levels were significantly higher in patients who were exposed to phenobarbital (P< 0.01) than those who were not. Patients presented BMD of both sites significantly lower than the controls (0.975 ± 0.13 vs. 1.058 ± 0.1 g/cm2; p= 0.03; 0.930 ± 0.1 vs. 0.988 ± 0.12 g/cm2; p= 0.02, respectively). Total hip BMD (0.890 ± 0.10 vs. 0.970 ± 0.08 g/cm2; p< 0.003) and femoral neck (0.830 ± 0.09 vs. 0.890 ± 0.09 g/cm2; p< 0.03) were significantly lower in patients who had been exposed to phenobarbital, in comparison to the non-phenobarbital users. In conclusion, patients on AED demonstrate reduced BMD. Among the AED, phenobarbital seems to be the main mediator of low BMD and increases in CTX-I.
Keywords : Antiepileptic drugs; Phenobarbital; Bone turnover markers.