Arquivos Brasileiros de Endocrinologia & Metabologia
versión impresa ISSN 0004-2730
BARCELLOS, Cristiano R.G. et al. Prevalence of abnormalities of glucose metabolism in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome. Arq Bras Endocrinol Metab [online]. 2007, vol.51, n.4, pp. 601-605. ISSN 0004-2730. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0004-27302007000400015.
Patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) present a higher risk for abnormalities of glucose metabolism (AGM). For to study this in our population, we submitted 85 patients, with body mass index (BMI) of 28.5 ± 6.6 kg/m2 and aged 25.5 ± 5.4 years old, to an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), and assessed the impact of BMI on the prevalence of impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) and of diabetes mellitus (DM). The states of glucose tolerance were classified considering fasting plasma glucose (FPG) according to the American Diabetes Association (ADA) criterion and plasma glucose at 120 minutes according to the Word Health Organization (WHO) criterion. According to the ADA criteria, 83.5% classified as normal and 16.5% as with AGM, with 15.3% presenting impaired fasting glucose and 1.2% DM, while according to the WHO criteria, 68.2% were classified as normal and 31.8% as with AGM, with 27.0% of them presenting IGT and 4.8% DM. Seventy-three percent of PCOS patients with IGT by WHO criterion had normal FPG by ADA criterion. The prevalence of AGM for both criteria increased with the body mass index. In conclusion, we found a higher prevalence of AGM in PCOS patients than that found in the general population, being the highest in obese patients. Glycemia at 120 minutes on the OGTT identified more patients with AGM than fasting glycemia. We recommended that the assessment of AGM must be done by the OGTT in all patients with PCOS.
Palabras clave : Polycystic ovary syndrome; Impaired glucose tolerance; Diabetes mellitus.