Arquivos Brasileiros de Endocrinologia & Metabologia
Print version ISSN 0004-2730
CAPELLINI, Verena Kise et al. Oxidative stress is not associated with vascular dysfunction in a model of alloxan-induced diabetic rats. Arq Bras Endocrinol Metab [online]. 2010, vol.54, n.6, pp. 530-539. ISSN 0004-2730. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0004-27302010000600004.
OBJECTIVES: To verify if an experimental model of alloxan-diabetic rats promotes oxidative stress, reduces nitric oxide bioavailability and causes vascular dysfunction, and to evaluate the effect of N-acetylcysteine (NAC) on these parameters. METHODS: Alloxan-diabetic rats were treated or not with NAC for four weeks. Plasmatic levels of malondialdehyde (MDA) and nitrite/nitrate (NOx), the endothelial and inducible nitric oxide synthase (eNOS and iNOS) immunostaining and the vascular reactivity of aorta were compared among diabetic (D), treated diabetic (TD) and control (C) rats. RESULTS: MDA levels increased in D and TD. NOx levels did not differ among groups. Endothelial eNOS immunostaining reduced and adventitial iNOS increased in D and TD. The responsiveness of rings to acetylcholine, sodium nitroprusside, and phenylephrine did not differ among groups. CONCLUSIONS: NAC had no effect on the evaluated parameters and this experimental model did not promote vascular dysfunction despite the development of oxidative stress.
Keywords : Oxidative stress; diabetes; nitric oxide; vascular function; N-acetylcysteine.