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Arquivos Brasileiros de Endocrinologia & Metabologia
On-line version ISSN 1677-9487
BORGES, Anna Paula de Sá; GUIDONI, Camilo Molino; FREITAS, Osvaldo de and PEREIRA, Leonardo Régis Leira. Economic evaluation of outpatients with type 2 diabetes mellitus assisted by a pharmaceutical care service. Arq Bras Endocrinol Metab [online]. 2011, vol.55, n.9, pp.686-691. ISSN 1677-9487. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0004-27302011000900003.
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the costs related to visits and drug prescription in outpatients with type 2 diabetes mellitus assisted by a pharmaceutical care service. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A prospective and experimental study was carried out. Seventy one patients were divided into two groups: control and pharmaceutical care. Patients in the pharmaceutical care group were followed up monthly by a single clinical pharmacist. RESULTS: The pharmaceutical care group had a statistically significant reduction in costs of metformin and emergency department visits, and increased costs with their family physicians. On the other hand, the control group had a statistically significant increase of 21.3% in the general costs of treatment and visits. CONCLUSION: The pharmaceutical care group maintained the same costs related to drugs and visits, while the control group showed a significant increase in general costs.
Keywords : Unified Healthcare System; diabetes mellitus; healthcare costs; pharmaceutical care; pharmacoeconomics.