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Arquivos Brasileiros de Endocrinologia & Metabologia
On-line version ISSN 1677-9487
SANTOS, Maria Tereza Amaral dos et al. Changes in bone metabolism markers in women after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. Arq Bras Endocrinol Metab [online]. 2012, vol.56, n.6, pp.376-382. ISSN 1677-9487. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0004-27302012000600006.
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate bone turnover markers and bone mineral density (BMD) in women after Roux-en-Y (RYGB) gastric bypass. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, 48 women post-RYGB after three years, and 41 healthy women were evaluated. Evaluations: body mass index (BMI); physical activity; food intake; serum levels of calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, alkaline phosphatase, C-terminal telopeptide (CTX), intact parathyroid hormone (PTH), 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD), osteocalcin, urinary calcium and BMD. RESULTS: Significantly higher levels were observed for osteocalcin (p < 0.001), CTX (p < 0.001), and PTH (p < 0.001) in the RYGB group when compared with the control group; 25OHD deficiency/insufficiency was more frequent in the RYGB group (p = 0.010), even after adjusted for nutritional status, and it was associated with secondary hyperparathyroidism (p = 0.025); there was no difference in BMD between the groups. Energy (p = 0.036) and protein intake (p = 0.004) were lower in the RYGB group. CONCLUSION: Patients submitted to RYGB showed a significantly higher frequency of vitamin D deficiency, secondary hyperparathyroidism, and increase in bone remodeling markers, with no difference in BMD status.
Keywords : Bariatric surgery; bone mineral density; vitamin D; hyperparathyroidism, secondary; anastomosis, Roux-en-Y.