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Arquivos Brasileiros de Endocrinologia & Metabologia

On-line version ISSN 1677-9487


PAULINO, Maria Fernanda Vanti Macedo; LEMOS-MARINI, Sofia Helena Valente de; GUERRA-JUNIOR, Gil  and  MORCILLO, André Moreno. Growth and body composition of a cohort of children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes. Arq Bras Endocrinol Metab [online]. 2013, vol.57, n.8, pp.623-631. ISSN 1677-9487.

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the growth and body composition of children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A cohort of 44 patients with T1DM were followed up for approximately four years and compared with a control group. Weight, height, body mass index (BMI), body fat percentage (BF%), fat mass index, waist circumference (WC) and waist-height ratio were determined. RESULTS: In females, in the first evaluation, BF% was lower in patients than in controls, while in the second evaluation, mean WC was higher in patients than in controls. In males, height of the patients was lower in the first evaluation, while body mass index (BMI) was higher in the second one. We did not find any differences among the changes in height, weight and BMI z-scores and BF% or in the distribution of those z-scores between the two evaluations, in both groups. Multiple regression analysis found differences in BMI and waist-height ratio in both sexes and also in WC in females. CONCLUSION: The patients had adequate growth but showed discrepancy in their body composition during the study.

Keywords : Diabetes mellitus, type 1; child; adolescent; growth; body composition.

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