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Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia
Print version ISSN 0004-2749
SANTOS, Luciana Peixoto dos; ALVARENGA, Lênio Souza and FERREIRA, Magno Antônio. Ocular manifestations in children with early Congenital Toxoplasmosis. Arq. Bras. Oftalmol. [online]. 1999, vol.62, n.5, pp. 590-593. ISSN 0004-2749. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0004-27491999000500008.
Purpose: To describe the ocular findings in children with early toxoplasmosis and sistemic manifestation of the disease Methods: Fifty children with early congenital toxoplasmosis were included in this study and all data collected from their medical charts from the Hospital de Clínicas de Uberlândia. These children had their diagnosis based on clinical features and serological tests. All of them presented with systemic manifestations at birth and were examined by an ophthal-mologist. Results: Ocular manifestations were present in 86% of the patients. Retinochoroiditis was the most frequent lesion and was present in 76% of the patients that underwent indirect ophthalmoscopy, being bilateral in 54% of them. Neurolo-gical findings were seen in 69% of the patients with retino-choroiditis. Conclusion: The authors consider that ocular manifestations are common in children with early congenital toxoplasmosis showing systemic manifestations at birth. Ocular examination should be performed in all suspected or confirmed cases due to its important help not only in the diagnosis but also because it leads to early visual stimulation.
Keywords : Toxoplasmosis; Retinochoroiditis; Systemic alterations.