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Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia
On-line version ISSN 1678-2925
YAMANE, Cláudio de Lima et al. Cataract extraction using the phacoemulsification technique in patients with uveitis. Arq. Bras. Oftalmol. [online]. 2007, vol.70, n.4, pp. 683-688. ISSN 1678-2925. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0004-27492007000400020.
PURPOSE: To report outcomes of cataract extraction by phacoemulsification in patients with uveitis. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the charts of 189 patients (242 eyes) with uveitis who underwent cataract extraction by phacoemulsification at the Uveitis and Ocular Immunology Unit of McGill University Health Centre, Montreal, Quebec, Canada. RESULTS: Average follow-up was 46 ± 31.2 months. Average preoperative visual acuity was 20/100 and average postoperative visual acuity was 20/40. Hundred and forty-six eyes (59.9%) attained visual acuity better than 20/40. Visual loss occurred in 26 eyes. The most common peroperative complication was posterior capsule rupture with vitreous loss seen in 7 eyes (3%). Recurrence of uveitis was the most common postoperative complication seen in 73 eyes (30.16%). Other postoperative complications included iris atrophy (28.51%), ocular hypertension (28.09%), epiretinal membrane (26.44%), posterior capsule opacification (19%), cystoid macular edema (13.63%), ocular hypotony (12.80%), optic disc atrophy (8.67%) and posterior synechiae (6.61%). CONCLUSIONS: Cataract extraction by phacoemulsification is safe in patients with uveitis. Successful visual results are observed in long-term follow-up despite the prevalence of recurrence of uveitis, posterior capsule opacification and macular abnormalities. To the best of our knowledge this is the largest series presented to date.
Keywords : Cataract extraction [methods]; Phacoemulsification; Lens implantation, intraocular; Uveitis.