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Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia
On-line version ISSN 1678-2925
KAC, Marcelo Jarczun; FREITAS JUNIOR, Moacyr Borges de; KAC, Sansão Isaac and ANDRADE, Eric Pinheiro de. Frequency of ocular deviations at the strabismus sector of the Hospital do Servidor Público Estadual de São Paulo. Arq. Bras. Oftalmol. [online]. 2007, vol.70, n.6, pp. 939-942. ISSN 1678-2925. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0004-27492007000600010.
PURPOSE: To evaluate the frequency of different types of ocular deviations in patients referred to the strabismus sector at the Hospital do Servidor Público Estadual de São Paulo - Brazil. METHODS: A retrospective study of 935 records of patients examined at the strabismus sector in 2005 was conducted to evaluate sex, age and types of misalignments in the primary position. Statistical analysis was applied to these data. RESULTS: Esotropia was the most prevalent misalignment in this population (44.52%). There were more males in this group (p=0.001) with a predominance of the age group 0-2 years (p=0.009). Exotropia (12.25%) was more frequent in females (p=0.046) in the age group 46 years and over (p=0.001). CONCLUSION: Esodeviations were more frequent than exodeviations. Esotropia was more prevalent in males early in life, while exotropia was more frequent in older females. The larger number of exophorias was found in the age group 16-20 years.
Keywords : Strabismus [classification]; Strabismus [epidemiology]; Strabismus [diagnosis]; Prevalence; Data collection.