Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia
Print version ISSN 0004-2749
On-line version ISSN 1678-2925
YAMANE, Iris de Souza; REIS, Rafael da Silva and MORAES JR., Haroldo Vieira de. Retinal central vein occlusion in remission of Crohn's disease: case report. Arq. Bras. Oftalmol. [online]. 2007, vol.70, n.6, pp.1034-1036. ISSN 0004-2749. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0004-27492007000600029.
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) includes Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis. Both diseases are characterized by chronic inflammation of the intestines. The advances in understanding the inflammatory process improved the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease. The systemic complications of inflammatory bowel disease involve several organs included the eyes. The incidence of eye complications in IBD is unknown, but according to the literature the incidence vary between 3.5% and 11.8%. The ophthalmic complications are usually of inflammatory origin. We report a case of a patient with Crohn's disease that developed central retinal vein occlusion and papillophlebitis without any other retinal vascular disease during remission. The aim of this paper is to reinforce the importance of complete ophthalmic examination perform as a routine in patients with inflammatory bowel disease.
Keywords : Inflammatory bowel diseases; Colitis, ulcerative; Crohn disease; Uveitis; Retinal vein occlusion; Female; Adult; Case reports.