Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia
Print version ISSN 0004-2749
DINIZ FILHO, Alberto; CRONEMBERGER, Sebastião; MERULA, Rafael Vidal and CALIXTO, Nassim. Comparative biometric study between plateau iris configuration and primary open angle glaucoma with narrow angle. Arq. Bras. Oftalmol. [online]. 2009, vol.72, n.3, pp. 302-307. ISSN 0004-2749. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0004-27492009000300005.
PURPOSE: To investigate biometrically the differences between plateau iris configuration (PIC) eyes and primary open angle glaucoma with narrow angle eyes. METHODS: A comparative study involving a case series with 20 eyes of 11 plateau iris configuration patients and 45 eyes of 27 primary open angle glaucoma with narrow angle eyes patients was done. The following measurements were taken: corneal curvature, central corneal thickness, anterior chamber depth, lens thickness (LT), axial length (AL), lens thickness and axial length ratio, lens position (LP) and relative lens position (RLP). RESULTS: The plateau iris configuration eyes presented a higher corneal cuvature value than primary open angle glaucoma with narrow angle eyes eyes but not with clinical and statistical difference (P=0.090). The plateau iris configuration eyes demonstrated a higher central corneal thickness, with statistical significance, when compared to primary open angle glaucoma with narrow angle eyes (P=0.010). Statistical significant difference between plateau iris configuration and primary open angle glaucoma with narrow angle eyes was found in axial length (21.69 ± 0.98 vs. 22.42 ± 0.89; P=0.003). No significant difference was found when anterior chamber depth (2.62 ± 0.23 vs. 2.71 ± 0.31; P=0.078), LT (4.67 ± 0.36 vs. 4.69 ± 0.45; P=0.975), LT/AL (2.16 ± 0.17 vs. 2.10 ± 0.21; P=0.569), LP (4.95 ± 0.25 vs. 5.06 ± 0.34; P=0.164) and RLP (0.23 ± 0.01 vs. 0.22 ± 0.14; P=0.348) were evaluated. CONCLUSION: The eyes with plateau iris configuration presented statistical significantly shorter axial length and higher central corneal thickness than primary open angle glaucoma with narrow angle eyes.
Keywords : Glaucoma, angle-closure; Anterior chamber [ultrasonography]; Gonioscopy; Iris diseases; Intraocular pressure; Comparative study.