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Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia
Print version ISSN 0004-2749
SIMAO, Maria Lúcia Habib; CHAHUD, Fernando and BICAS, Harley Edison Amaral. Effects of intraorbital injection of 6.0% carboxymethylcellulose in rabbits: histological and ocular mechanics evaluation. Arq. Bras. Oftalmol. [online]. 2009, vol.72, n.6, pp.799-804. ISSN 0004-2749. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0004-27492009000600011.
PURPOSE: To determine the effects of 6.0% carboxymethylcellulose (CMC) in modifying the oculomotor system of rabbits by means of viscoelastic action forces, the durability of this effect and possible inflamatory reaction. METHODS: Twenty-five New Zealand rabbits were divided into two experimental groups: one treated with a peribulbar injection of 6.0% CMC and a control group submitted to peribulbar injection of 3.0 cc of physiological saline. The group submitted to peribulbar CMC injection was divided into four subgroups respectively receiving the following volumes: 1.0, 1.5, 2.0 and 3.0 cc. The force needed to promote tangential adduction dislocations, external ophthalmologic signs and intraocular pressure were evaluated. The animals were sacrificed on the 60th day after the injection for histological analysis. RESULTS: The mean force detected 60 days after the injection of 6.0% CMC was lower in the 1.0 treated subgroup and higher in the 1.5, 2.0 and 3.0 treated subgroups relative to the force before injection. Histological analysis revealed histiocytic infiltration with fibrosis in the subgroups in which there was an increase in force and the presence of CMC in periocular tissues. CONCLUSIONS: 6.0% CMC acted as a modifier of the oculomotor system of rabbits, facilitating or impairing movements. It was not possible to conclude whether the increase in force occurred as a consequence of the inflammatory process alone or of the sum of inflammation and a possible viscous attrition provoked by CMC.
Keywords : Oculomotor muscles [drug effects]; Viscosity; Carboxymethylcellulose [administration & dosage]; Injections; Rabbits.