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Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia

Print version ISSN 0004-2749


REZENDE, Marcussi Palata et al. Study of visual acuity and intraocular pressure in the treatment of macular diabetic edema with intravitreous triamcinolone. Arq. Bras. Oftalmol. [online]. 2010, vol.73, n.2, pp.129-134. ISSN 0004-2749.

PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of intravitreal triamcinolone acetonide in patients with diffuse diabetic macular edema on the visual acuity and intraocular pressure. To report the potential adverse events and to analyze the potential relationship between age and visual acuity and intraocular pressure variability. METHODS: This clinical controlled study included 14 patients (28 eyes), 14 of the eyes received an intravitreal injection of 4 mg triamcinolone acetonide for the treatment of diabetic macular edema. The study group was compared to a control group of 14 eyes, without diabetic macular edema. The follow-up period was of 3 months. RESULTS: Pressure spikes >21 mmHg occurred in 28.7% of eyes, with a significant difference of intraocular pressure between the study group and the control group in the first week after treatment. Visual acuity showed a significant improvement when compared with the control group since the second day after the treatment. There was no association between age and variability of visual acuity and intraocular pressure. CONCLUSION: Intravitreal triamcinolone acetonide showed to be effective for improving visual acuity in patients with diabetic macular edema, in the first three months of treatment. The incidence of intraocular hypertension was 28.7%, easily manageable.

Keywords : Triamcinolone acetonide [therapeutic use]; Diabetic retinopathy; Macular edema [drug effects]; Intraocular pressure; Ocular hypertension; Visual acuity.

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