Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia
Print version ISSN 0004-2749
SHIRATORI, Cesar Nobuo; HIRAI, Flávio Eduardo and SATO, Elcio Hideo. Characteristics of corneal donors in the Cascavel Eye Bank: impact of the anti-HBc test for hepatitis B. Arq. Bras. Oftalmol. [online]. 2011, vol.74, n.1, pp. 17-20. ISSN 0004-2749. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0004-27492011000100004.
PURPOSE: To describe the characteristics of human ocular tissue donors from the Cascavel Eye Bank in the State of Paraná (PR) and investigate the impact of hepatitis B serologic test positivity on discarded ocular tissues. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of data collected between March 2006 and April 2007 at the Cascavel Eye Bank. Information such as age, gender, cause of death, time between death and enucleation, and serologic tests results was collected. Data were used to characterize the study population and stratified according to hepatitis B (anti-HBc) status. RESULTS: Mean age of donors was 54.2 ± 20.6 years and a greater proportion of men (64,7%) was observed. Mean time between death and enucleation was 3.8 ± 2.4 hours, cardiovascular diseases were the main cause of death (34.5%). Positivity of anti-HBc and HBsAg tests was 47.4% and 1.5%, respectively. Hepatitis B was the main reason for discarding corneas. Donors whose serologic tests were positive for anti-HBc had higher mean age compared to those with negative tests (p<0.001). Only 0.8% of all donations tested positive for hepatitis C and donors with positive HIV test were not seen in our study. CONCLUSIONS: Activities of the Cascavel Eye Bank significantly increased the availability of corneas for transplant in the State of Paraná. The main contraindication for availability of ocular tissues was positivity of serologic tests for anti-HBc. Biosafety studies should be performed in order to investigate the potential transmission of hepatitis B virus for donors with positive tests for anti-HBc. The inclusion of these donors would increase the number of corneas available for transplant.
Keywords : Eye banks; Corneal diseases; Corneal transplantation; Tissue donors; Tissue and organ procurement; Organ preservation; Tissue preservation; Hepatitis B [virologia]; Hepatitis B surface antigens; Quality control.