Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia
Print version ISSN 0004-2749
MAGALHAES, Fernanda Pedreira; SOUSA, Luciene Barbosa de and OLIVEIRA, Lauro Augusto de. Boston type I keratoprosthesis: Review. Arq. Bras. Oftalmol. [online]. 2012, vol.75, n.3, pp. 218-222. ISSN 0004-2749. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0004-27492012000300016.
Regardless of significant progress in the field of corneal transplantation to treat corneal opacification, some cases of corneal blindness still present a poor prognosis for conventional penetrating keratoplasty. In patients with repeated graft failure and/or with severe ocular surface disease, the Boston type I keratoprosthesis (type I BKPro) has become a viable option. Modifications in its design and postoperative management have improved the long-term outcomes of visual acuity, retention, and postoperative infection rates. These advances made the type I BKPro be considered a safe alternative for visual rehabilitation in many patients with corneal pathologies. However, postoperative handle of chronic comorbidities, such as glaucoma, is still critical for preserving the visual gains achieved with BKPro.
Keywords : Cornea; Corneal diseases [surgery]; Prostheses and implants; Corneal transplantation; Prosthesis design.