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Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia

Print version ISSN 0004-2749


ANDROWIKI, Joice Elise et al. Evaluation of a simulation tool in ophthalmology: application in teaching funduscopy. Arq. Bras. Oftalmol. [online]. 2015, vol.78, n.1, pp.36-39. ISSN 0004-2749.


The aim of this study was to evaluate the Eye Retinopathy Trainer® as a teaching tool for direct ophthalmoscopy examination by comparing it with the traditional method using volunteers.


Fourth year medical students received training in direct ophthalmoscopy using a simulation tool and human volunteers. Ninety students were randomized into a Simulation Group or a Control Group by the inclusion or absence of the simulation model in classroom practice. Differences between the groups were analyzed using unpaired Student’s t-test.


The Simulation Group was superior to the Control Group, with 51.06% successful in performing fundus examination in both the anatomical model simulation and the human model in comparison with 21.15% in the Control Group.


The Eye Retinopathy Trainer® appears to be an effective teaching tool for practice and improvement of ophthalmologic examination among fourth year medical students.

Keywords : Ophthalmoscopy/education; Ophthalmoscopes/utilization; Simulation; Education, medical; Diagnostic techniques, ophthalmological.

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