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Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia

Print version ISSN 0004-2749On-line version ISSN 1678-2925

Abstract

GONCALVES, Fernanda Tanaka Iasbeck et al. Influence of VEGF-C936T genetic variant on age-related macular degeneration. Arq. Bras. Oftalmol. [online]. 2015, vol.78, n.5, pp.290-294. ISSN 0004-2749.  http://dx.doi.org/10.5935/0004-2749.20150077.

Purpose:

To evaluate the association between the VEGF-C936T polymorphism and serum vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) levels, lifestyle, and demographic parameters in patients with age-related macular degeneration (AMD).

Methods:

A total of 183 individuals were enrolled in the present study, including 88 patients with AMD receiving clinical and pharmacological treatment (study group, SG) and 95 individuals without AMD as controls (control group, CG). The presence of the VEGF-C936T polymorphism and serum VEGF levels were determined using polymerase chain reaction/restriction fragment length polymorphism and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, respectively. Significance was set at P<0.05 for all statistical analyses.

Results:

The homozygous wild-type genotype (CC) and the C allele were predominant in both groups (P=0.934 and P=0.938, respectively). Serum VEGF levels (assessed in 57% and 31% of patients in the SG and CG, respectively) were comparable between groups (SG, 307.9 ± 223.6 pg/mL; CG, 305.1 ± 212.3 pg/mL; P=0.955). A significantly higher prevalence of smoking (44% vs 25%; P=0.01) and hypertension (66% vs 48%; P=0.025) was observed in the SG than in the CG. The distribution of alcohol consumption and dyslipidemia was similar between groups (P>0.05).

Conclusions:

In the present study group of Brazilian patients, the VEGF-C936T polymorphism was not found to be associated with age-related macular degeneration. However, smoking and systemic arterial hypertension (SAH) were found to be potential independent risk factors for the development of age-related macular degeneration. Comparable serum VEGF levels in both study groups may reflect the efficacy of pharmacological treatment of AMD.

Keywords : Vascular endothelial growth factor A; Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay; Polymerase chain reaction; Genetic polymorphism; Macular degeneration.

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