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Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia

versão impressa ISSN 0004-2749versão On-line ISSN 1678-2925

Resumo

BALKARLI, Ayse; EROL, Muhammet Kazim; YUCEL, Ozgur  e  AKAR, Yusuf. Frequency of fibromyalgia syndrome in patients with central serous chorioretinopathy. Arq. Bras. Oftalmol. [online]. 2017, vol.80, n.1, pp.4-8. ISSN 1678-2925.  https://doi.org/10.5935/0004-2749.20170003.

Purpose:

To ınvestigate frequency of fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) among patients with central serous chorioretinopathy (CSCR).

Methods:

The study included 83 patients with CSCR and 201 age- and sex-matched healthy controls; the mean age was 47.5 ± 11.3 years in the CSCR group (18 women; 21.7%) and 47.2 ± 11.2 years in the control group (44 women; 21.9%). All participants were assessed for FMS based on 2010 American College of Rheumatology diagnostic criteria and for depression and anxiety with the Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI) and Beck Depression Inventory (BDI).

Results:

FMS was diagnosed in 35 patients (42.2%) from the CSCR group and in 21 individuals (10.4%) from the control group (p<0.001). It was found in 77.77% of the women (14/18) and 32.3% of the men (21/65) in the CSCR group and in 22.7% of the women (10/44) and 7.0% of the men (11/157) in the control group. Familial stress, BDI and BAI scores were higher in the patients with FMS than in those without. When independent risk factors were evaluated by logistic regression analysis, it was found that only the presence of familial stress was a significant risk factor for FMS.

Conclusions:

Patients with CSCR should be assessed for the presence of FMS, and this should be taken into consideration when developing a treatment plan. Further studies with a larger sample size are needed to clarify the relationship between FMS and CSCR.

Palavras-chave : Central serous chorioretinopathy; Fibromyalgia; Choroid diseases; Pigment epithelium of eye/pathology; Retinal diseases.

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