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Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia

Print version ISSN 0004-2749On-line version ISSN 1678-2925


BRASIL, Oswaldo Ferreira Moura et al. New perspectives on macular hole surgery at three years of follow-up. Arq. Bras. Oftalmol. [online]. 2019, vol.82, n.6, pp.481-487.  Epub Sep 30, 2019. ISSN 0004-2749.


The aim of this study was to determine the functional and anatomical success rates as well as the safety of sutureless combined surgery involving vitreous base removal and internal limiting membrane peeling after Brilliant Blue G (0.5 mg/mL) staining for the management of idiopathic macular holes after three years.


Forty-six eyes of 46 patients with an idiopathic macular hole were enrolled in this retrospective study. The inclusion criteria were macular holes with a minimum linear diameter below 1,500 mm, 0.05 or better decimal best-corrected visual acuity and duration of symptoms less than two years. The exclusion criteria included pregnancy, optic nerve atrophy, advanced glaucoma, and other chronic ocular diseases. The surgical procedure included internal limiting membrane peeling after Brilliant Blue G (0.5 mg/mL) staining, along with C3F8 tamponade and face-down positioning for three days postoperatively. Ophthalmologic examinations and optical coherence tomography were performed at 1 and 7 days and 1, 6, 12, 24, and 36 months postoperatively. If no anatomic closure of the macular holes occurred within the first month, the area of the internal limiting membrane peeling was enlarged in a second procedure. Multiple logistic regression and chi-squared tests were used for data analyses, and p-values of <0.05 were considered significant.


Out of 46 eyes with a preoperative idiopathic macular hole, anatomic closure was achieved in 42 (91.3%) after one procedure and in 45 (97.8%) after an additional surgery. The median postoperative best-corrected visual acuity improvement was 0.378 (range: 0.050-0.900) decimal. None of the patients experienced macular hole reopening, surgery-related complications, or ocular complications related to the dye.


Combined surgery including vitreous base removal and internal limiting membrane peeling after staining with Brilliant Blue G (0.5 mg/mL) for the management of idiopathic macular holes resulted in adequate staining, best-corrected visual acuity improvement, and macular hole closure with no signs of ocular toxicity at the three-year follow-up examination.

Keywords : Vitrectomy/methods; Macular hole; Coring agents; Rosaniline dyes; Brilliant blue.

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