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Arquivos de Gastroenterologia

Print version ISSN 0004-2803On-line version ISSN 1678-4219

Abstract

WIDMAN, Azzo et al. Intrahepatic transtumoral arteriovenous fistulae (diagnosis, importance and therapeutic proposals). Arq. Gastroenterol. [online]. 2000, vol.37, n.1, pp.13-19. ISSN 1678-4219.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0004-28032000000100004.

The authors present the angiographic aspects of four patients having an arteriovenous trashepatic transtumoral fistula (two arterioportal and two arteriovenous). The angiographic results of the occlusion with cyanoacrylate (Hystoacryl®) of the right hepatic artery in one and by the infusion of Lipiodol® in two are also shown. The physiopathological characteristics of each kind of fistula are discussed and the consequences of the passage of the quimioembolizing mixture through the tumor, regarding intrahepatic abcess formation, irregular clinical results and pulmonary complications are commented. These complications make the diagnosis of a transtumoral transhepatic arteriovenous fistula, previuosly to the chemoembolic treatment important, even though beeing frequently difficult, because of the reduced caliber of the feeding artery and eventual low transfistular bloodflow. The efficient occlusion of the arterioportal fistula with Hystoacryl® was favourably compared to the infusion of Lipiodol®, wich was unable to occlude the arteriovenous fistula. The contraindication to perform chemoembolic treatment of hepatic tumors, when an intrahepatic transtumoral arteriovenous fistula is present and the embolization of the fistular feeding atery is stressed. Ultrasonography using color Doppler and sono-enhancing contrast is appointed as the ideal non-invasive means of making the diagnosis of an hepatic transtumoral fistula and makes it eligible to be the first test in the algorithm for the appraisal of hepatic tumors.

Keywords : Liver neoplasms; Embolization, therapeutic.

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