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Arquivos de Gastroenterologia

Print version ISSN 0004-2803On-line version ISSN 1678-4219

Abstract

WIDMAN, Azzo et al. Hepatosplenic schistosomotic portal hypertension: effect of esophagogastric devascularization with splenectomy on the diameter and mean flow velocity in the portal system (ultra-sonographic Doppler study). Arq. Gastroenterol. [online]. 2001, vol.38, n.1, pp.19-23. ISSN 1678-4219.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S0004-28032001000100005.

Background - Esophagogastric devascularization with splenectomy has been used for the treatment of upper digestive bleeding due to esophagic varices in hepatoportal mansoni's schistosomic portal hypertension. Nevertheless, early portal thrombosis has hampered this surgical technique (13,3% and 53,2%), compromising the good results on the hemorrhagic side. Supposing that portal circulatory changes, due to the surgical treatment, may play an important role in this kind of complication, our objective was to identify the hemodynamic facilitating factors. Portal hemodynamic aspects, identified by ultra-sonographic Doppler study, from two groups of patients: non-operated upon and splenectomized with esophagogastric devascularization in late post-operatory phase (in excess of 6 moths), with portal hypertension due to mansoni hepatoesplenic portal hypertension and in similar clinical conditions, were compared. Method - Fifty eight ambulatorial patients were studied, all had portal hypertension caused by mansoni's hepatosplenic schistosomiasis and previous bouts of digestive bleeding. They were divided in two groups: A - 29 followed clinically/endoscopically, and group B - 29 previously submitted to esophagogastric devascularization with splenectomy. In all was measured the diameter and mean flow velocity in the portal vein and its right and left branches by ultra-sonographic Doppler study. The results were submitted to statistical analysis for inter- and intra-group comparison. Results - Group A (non-operated): the portal vein diameter was greater than the right and left branches (10.6 ± 2.9, 8.0 ± 1.8, 9.1 ± 2.6 cm), the mean flow velocities in the portal vein and its branches were similar (15.62 ± 6.17, 14.92 ± 5.33, 16.12 ±4.18 cm/seg). Group B (operated): the diameter and mean flow velocity in all vessels were reduced (8.8 ± 1.7, 5.2 ± 1.2, 7.5 ± 2.2 cm/12.53 ± 2.60, 8.86 ± 1.75, 9.69 ± 3.75 cm/seg). Conclusions - After esophagogastric devascularization with splenectomy, there was a reduction of the diameter and mean flow velocity in the portal vein, its right and left branches.

Keywords : Hypertension, portal; Schistosomiasis mansoni; Ultrasonography, Doppler; Splenectomy.

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