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Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
Print version ISSN 0004-2803
On-line version ISSN 1678-4219
ELIA, Paula Peruzzi et al. Descriptive analysis of the social, clinical, laboratorial and anthropometric profiles of inflammatory bowel disease inwards patients from the "Clementino Fraga Filho" University Hospital, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil. Arq. Gastroenterol. [online]. 2007, vol.44, n.4, pp.332-339. ISSN 0004-2803. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0004-28032007000400010.
BACKGROUND: The epidemiologic survey in Brazil is limited probably due to a diagnosis deficiency and a small number of population-based studies performed. The majority of the prevalence studies available have evaluated inflammatory bowel diseases outpatients, but the knowledge of the profile of inflammatory bowel diseases inpatients is important in order to detect predictive markers of disease severity that will allow earlier medical intervention decreasing the rate of hospitalization and reducing the Health System costs. AIM: To determine social, clinical, laboratorial and anthropometric profiles of hospitalized adults inflammatory bowel diseases patients of a tertiary university hospital. METHODS: Prospective study was performed with 43 inflammatory bowel diseases inpatients from clinical and surgical wards and emergency section of university hospital. We characterized demographic data, presence of comorbidities, disease location and behavior, surgical past-history, extra intestinal manifestations using standardized definitions. Laboratory results were abstracted from medical records and anthropometric measures were performed during our visit. RESULTS: The vast majority of the inflammatory bowel diseases patients had Crohn's disease (72.1%), with ileocolic involvement (60%), with a penetrating disease behavior (77.4%) while ulcerative colitis group presented mostly pancolitis (50%). Articular pain was the most common (44.2%) extra intestinal manifestation of inflammatory bowel diseases patients and 97.7% of them had at least one type of complication related to disease. Although, the previous use of specific medical therapies to inflammatory bowel diseases before the hospitalization (more frequently corticosteroids) was done (79%), the majority of the patients were hospitalized because of inflammatory bowel diseases activity. Disease activity was present in 80.7% of Crohn's disease and 50% ulcerative colitis patients. Inflammatory bowel diseases mortality rate was 5.5% (2/36). Comorbidities presence occurred only in 30.2% of inflammatory bowel diseases patients. The predominant surgery performed was intestinal resection. The interval between the symptoms appearance and the definitive diagnosis was less than 1 year in more than 70% of inflammatory bowel diseases patients. Laboratory findings detected were a decreased serum albumin (85.7%) and anemia (69.8%). The majority of the patients had at least one anthropometric alteration. The social stratification of the inflammatory bowel diseases group was similar to the Brazilian population. CONCLUSION: The inflammatory bowel diseases inpatients from the university hospital wards had more severe evolution of these illnesses with an active and extensive disease with complications and frequent extra intestinal manifestations, despite the prolonged use of corticosteroids. The higher prevalence of Crohn's disease inpatients than ulcerative colitis could reflect a higher aggressive behavior of this disease. The reduced serum albumin, anemia and anthropometric alterations are common inflammatory bowel diseases inpatients and could be related to a major severity of inflammatory bowel diseases evolution.
Keywords : Crohn disease; Proctocolitis; Hospitalization.