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Arquivos de Gastroenterologia

Print version ISSN 0004-2803On-line version ISSN 1678-4219

Abstract

LOPES, Adriana Cruz  and  VICTORIA, Carlos Roberto. Fiber intake and colonic transit time in functional constipated patients. Arq. Gastroenterol. [online]. 2008, vol.45, n.1, pp.58-63. ISSN 0004-2803.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0004-28032008000100011.

BACKGROUND: Patients with functional constipation presenting no response to treatment using fibers supplement represents important clinical issue. AIMS: To evaluate the relations among the amount of ingested fiber, the constipation intensity and the colonic transit time in patients with functional constipation. METHODS: We evaluated 30 patients, presenting no response to treatment using fibers supplement, and 18 healthy volunteers conducting individual inquiry into fibers intake, constipation intensity and the total and segmental colonic transit evaluation using radiopaque markers. RESULTS: In the constipated, despite the good level of fiber intake (26.3 ± 12.9 g, constipated x 9.3 ± 5,2 g, control), the symptoms of constipation was serious (score = 21.3 ± 4.07). Mean total colonic transit was 58.8h. The colonic transit was slower in the constipated group (41.0 ± 22.8 hours, constipated x 21.8 ± 18.5h, control). In constipated patients with slow colonic transit (>58.8h) there were colonic inertia (eight), outlet constipation (one) and slow transit in left colon (one), and among constipated patients with normal colonic transit (<58.8h), there were isolated slow transit, in the right colon (nine), left colon (three) and in the rectosigmoid segment (eight). There were no relation among the amount of ingested fiber, constipation intensity and the colon transit. CONCLUSIONS: In the functional constipation the gravity of symptoms does not depend only on the dietary fibers intake, which is not the only responsible for the differences in the colonic transit. The colonic transit can differentiate normal from constipated patients and, among them, those with altered transit that demand approaches distinct of fiber supplementation.

Keywords : Constipation; Dietary fiber; Gastrointestinal transit.

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