Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
Print version ISSN 0004-2803
COHEN, Danielle; BIN, Ceres Maltz and FAYH, Ana Paula Trussardi. Assessment of quality of life of patients with inflammatory bowel disease residing in Southern Brazil. Arq. Gastroenterol. [online]. 2010, vol.47, n.3, pp. 285-289. ISSN 0004-2803. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0004-28032010000300014.
CONTEXT: Chronic diseases have an impact on the quality of life of the individuals. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the quality of life of adults with inflammatory bowel disease by the inflammatory bowel disease questionnaire certified for Portuguese language. METHODS: We interviewed 50 individuals from both genders aged from 18 to 60 years old, with Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis, regardless of disease activity. RESULTS: The average age of the sample was 42.2 ± 13.6 years old, the disease length was 98.8 ± 74.3 months, and 72% of patients had Crohn's disease and 14% presented disease activity. There was no significant difference in questionnaire scores of patients with different inflammatory bowel disease when they are in the remission phase (172.0 ± 42.4 and 173.6 ± 28.2 for ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease, respectively, P = 0.886). When compared to scores of patients who were in crisis, it was found that they have a lower quality of life that patients in remission (123.8 ± 44.5 and 173.3 ± 31.5 for patients in crisis and remission, respectively, P = 0.001). CONCLUSION: It was noticed that the quality of life of patients with inflammatory bowel disease did not differ among patients with Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis, when patients are in remission. The main aspect which determines the loss of quality of life would be being at the stage of disease activity.
Keywords : Inflammatory bowel diseases; Crohn disease; Proctocolitis; Quality of life.