Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
versión impresa ISSN 0004-2803
ANDRADE, Jacy Alves Braga de; FREYMULLER, Edna y FAGUNDES-NETO, Ulysses. Pathophysiology of enteroaggregative Escherichia coli infection: an experimental model utilizing transmission electron microscopy. Arq. Gastroenterol. [online]. 2010, vol.47, n.3, pp. 306-312. ISSN 0004-2803. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0004-28032010000300018.
CONTEXT: Enteroaggregative Escherichia coli strains have been associated with persistent diarrhea in several developing countries. In vivo procedures with animal models as rat, rabbit and gnotobiotic piglets intestinal loops, in vitro assays with cellular lines like T84, Caco 2, HT29, HeLa e HEp-2 and in vitro organ culture with intestinal fragments have been applied to study these bacteria and their pathogenicity. OBJECTIVES: The present experimental research assessed the pathogenic interactions of three enteroaggregative Escherichia coli strains, using the in vitro organ culture, in order to observe and compare alterations in different regions of both, the ileal and the colonic mucosa. METHODS: This study applied intestinal fragments from terminal ileum and colon that were excised from pediatric and adult patients that underwent colonoscopic procedures. Tissue was fixed for transmission electron microscopic study. Each bacterium was tested with three intestinal fragments for each region. RESULTS: Enteroaggregative Escherichia coli strains colonized and provoked citotoxic effects in the ileal and colonic mucosa. Total or partial villi destruction, vacuolization of basal cytoplasm of the enterocytes, epithelium detachment, derangement of the structure and epithelial cell extrusion in ileal mucosa could explain the perpetuation of the diarrhea. Bacterial aggregates were seen in intestinal lumen associated with mucus and cellular debris and in the intercellular spaces of the destroyed epithelium, suggesting bacterial invasion that seemed to be secondary to the destruction of the tissue. CONCLUSIONS: Pathogenesis of persistent diarrhea should include alterations in the small bowel structures where the digestive-absorptive functions take place. In the colonic mucosa the inflammatory lesions could explain the occurrence of colitis.
Palabras llave : Escherichia coli; Diarrhea; Microscopy, electron, transmission.