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Arquivos de Gastroenterologia

Print version ISSN 0004-2803

Abstract

ARDENGH, José Celso et al. PANCREATIC SPLENOSIS MIMICKING NEUROENDOCRINE TUMORS:. Arq. Gastroenterol. [online]. 2013, vol.50, n.1, pp.10-14. ISSN 0004-2803.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S0004-28032013000100003.

Context

Pancreatic splenosis is a benign condition which can mimic a pancreatic neoplasm.

Objective

To describe the role of the endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) of pancreatic nodules suspicious for pancreatic splenosis.

Method

From 1997 to 2011, patients with pancreatic solid tumors suspicious for splenosis by computed tomography and/or magnetic resonance imaging were referred to EUS-FNA. Those cases with pancreatic splenosis confirmed by EUS-FNA or surgery were included. Endosonographic findings and clinicopathologic features were also analysed.

Results

A total of 2,060 patients with pancreatic solid tumors underwent EUS-FNA. Fourteen (0.6%) cases with pancreatic splenosis were found. After applying exclusion criteria, 11 patients were selected. Most patients were male (7), young (mean age: 42 years) and asymptomatic (8). Endoscopic ultrasound imaging alone suspected pancreatic splenosis in 6 cases, and neuroendocrine tumors in 5 cases. Pancreatic splenosis was found most commonly in the tail, was round, hypoechoic, with homogeneous pattern, regular borders, and with scintigraphy negative for somatostatin receptors. The average diameter of these nodules identified by endoscopic ultrasound was 2.15 cm. Microhistology obtained by EUS-FNA confirmed the diagnosis in 9/10 patients.

Conclusion

Pancreatic splenosis can be diagnosed by EUS-FNA. Microhistology prevents unnecessary surgeries, and reassures asymptomatic patients with hypoechoic, homogeneous, and well circumscribed pancreatic nodules.

Keywords : Pancreatic neoplasms; Neuroendocrine tumors; Splenosis; Endosonography; Biopsy, fine-needle.

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