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Arquivos de Gastroenterologia

Print version ISSN 0004-2803On-line version ISSN 1678-4219

Abstract

PONTES, Émerson Soares et al. Quality of life in swallowing of the elderly patients affected by stroke. Arq. Gastroenterol. [online]. 2017, vol.54, n.1, pp.27-32. ISSN 1678-4219.  https://doi.org/10.1590/s0004-2803.2017v54n1-05.

BACKGROUND

The elderly population faces many difficulties as a result of the aging process. Conceptualize and evaluate their life quality is a challenge, being hard to characterize the impact on daily activities and on functional capacity. The stroke is one of the most disabling neurological diseases, becoming a public health problem. As an aggravating result, there is dysphagia, a disorder that compromises the progression of the food from the mouth to the stomach, causing clinical complications to the individual.

OBJECTIVE

Characterize the life quality of the elderly swallowing affected by stroke.

METHODS

Cross-sectional study conducted at the University Hospital, attended by 35 elderly with stroke, being 19 women and 16 men, with age between 60 and 90 years old, that self-reported satisfactory overall clinical picture. It was applied the Quality of Life Swallowing protocol. The data were statistically analyzed, by means of ANOVA tests, Spearman correlation, t test, with significance level of 5%.

RESULTS

The mean age was 69.5 years; as for the scores obtained by the 35 participants in the 11 domains of the protocol, it was observed a change in score indicating severe to moderate impact in quality of life related to self-reported swallowing (31.8% to 59.5%); the domain that most interfered was the feeding time (31.8%).

CONCLUSION

Elderly affected by stroke that present dysphagia has low scores in quality of life related to swallowing.

Keywords : Stroke; Deglutition disorders; Health of the elderly; Quality of life.

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