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Arquivos de Gastroenterologia

Print version ISSN 0004-2803On-line version ISSN 1678-4219

Abstract

CARRASCO, Adriana Elisabeth Aguiar Benavides; MACHADO, Rodrigo Strehl; PATRICIO, Francy Reis da Silva  and  KAWAKAMI, Elisabete. HISTOLOGICAL FEATURES OF EOSINOPHILIC ESOPHAGITIS IN CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS. Arq. Gastroenterol. [online]. 2017, vol.54, n.4, pp.281-285.  Epub Sep 21, 2017. ISSN 1678-4219.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/s0004-2803.201700000-44.

BACKGROUND:

Eosinophilic esophagitis is an emerging disease featured by eosinophilic esophageal infiltrate not responsive to proton pump inhibitors.

OBJECTIVE:

To characterize histological features of children and adolescents with eosinophilic esophagitis.

METHODS:

Cross-sectional study in a tertiary hospital. Biopsies from each esophageal third from 14 patients (median age 7 years) with eosinophilic esophagitis were evaluated. Histological features evaluated included morphometry of esophageal epithelium, esophageal density (per high power field), extracellular eosinophilic granules, eosinophilic microabscesses, surface disposition of eosinophils, epithelial desquamation, peripapillary eosinophilia, basal layer hyperplasia and papillary elongation.

RESULTS:

Several patients presented a normal esophageal macroscopy in the upper digestive endoscopy (6, 42.8%), and the most common abnormality were vertical lines (7, 50%) and whitish spots over esophageal mucosa (7, 50%). Basal layer hyperplasia was observed in 88.8%, 100% e 80% of biopsies from proximal, middle and lower esophagus, respectively (P=0.22). Esophageal density ranges from 0 to more than 50 per hpf. Extracellular eosinophilic granules (70%-100%), surface disposition of eosinophils (60%-93%), epithelial desquamation (60%-100%), peripapillary eosinophilia (70%-80%) were common, but evenly distributed among each esophageal third. Just one patient did not present eosinophils in the lower third, four in the middle third and four in the upper esophageal third.

CONCLUSION:

In the absence of hypereosinophilia, other histological features are present in eosinophilic esophagitis and may contribute to diagnosis. Eosinophilic infiltrate is focal, therefore multiple biopsies are needed for diagnosis.

Keywords : Esophageal diseases; Abdominal pain; Eosinophilic esophagitis; Eosinophils; Peptic esophagitis.

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