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Arquivos de Gastroenterologia

Print version ISSN 0004-2803On-line version ISSN 1678-4219

Abstract

CASELLI, Thaisa Barboza; LOMAZI, Elizete Aparecida; MONTENEGRO, Maria Augusta Santos  and  BELLOMO-BRANDAO, Maria Angela. Comparative study on gastrostomy and orally nutrition of children and adolescents with tetraparesis cerebral palsy. Arq. Gastroenterol. [online]. 2017, vol.54, n.4, pp.292-296.  Epub Sep 21, 2017. ISSN 1678-4219.  https://doi.org/10.1590/s0004-2803.201700000-48.

BACKGROUND:

Gastrostomy tube feeding (GTF) is indicated for children with feeding difficulties due to tetraspastic cerebral palsy, although there are no definitive conclusions about the benefits of GTF.

OBJECTIVE:

To compare nutritional status and diet of pediatric patients with tetraparesis cerebral palsy who are fed by GTF with those fed orally (PO).

METHODS:

A transversal and descriptive study on 54 patients with spastic tetraparesis was held. The referred parameters were: weight, knee height and estimated height, cutaneous folds and circumferences. The Frisancho reference was used to compare the skin folds and body circumferences. The Brooks et al. curve was adopted as a reference for weight, height, and BMI. Food inquiry was performed using the Habitual Dietary Recall method. The total energetic value (TEV) of macronutrients and fibers was performed by Avanutri® version 4.0, a nutrition software program. The differences of nutritional parameters between the GTF and the PO groups were calculated by chi-squared and Fisher’s exact tests, and the comparison between the groups for variable numbers was performed using the Mann-Whitney test. The significance level adopted was 5%.

RESULTS:

The PO group presented more individuals in the malnourished range (24.14%) and high levels of adipose and thin mass depletion. The ingestion of lipids was larger in the GTF group, even though the proteins and fibers were higher in the PO group. The comparison between the diets in the GTF group indicated that the mixed diet (industrialized and artisanal) supplied a greater contribution of proteins and fibers.

CONCLUSION:

Comparing the groups, the tetraparesis cerebral palsy patients fed orally have a greater impairment of their nutritional status, even though they have higher intakes of protein and fiber than those patients fed by gastrostomy, demonstrating a consistent argument for the use of gastrostomy.

Keywords : Cerebral palsy; Nutrition assessment; Gastrostomy; Malnutrition.

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