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vol.56 issue2INTERNAL HERNIA FOLLOWING LAPAROSCOPIC ROUX-EN-Y GASTRIC BY-PASS: INDICATIVE FACTORS FOR EARLY REPAIRADIPONECTIN, VITAMIN D AND NUTRITIONAL STATUS IN PATIENTS WITH ADVANCED COLORECTAL CANCER OR DURING FOLLOW-UP author indexsubject indexarticles search
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Arquivos de Gastroenterologia

Print version ISSN 0004-2803On-line version ISSN 1678-4219

Abstract

SOUZA, Adriane B de et al. THE COST OF ADULT LIVER TRANSPLANTATION IN A REFERRAL CENTER IN SOUTHERN BRAZIL. Arq. Gastroenterol. [online]. 2019, vol.56, n.2, pp.165-171.  Epub Aug 26, 2019. ISSN 1678-4219.  https://doi.org/10.1590/s0004-2803.201900000-33.

BACKGROUND:

Liver transplantation (LTx) is the primary and definitive treatment of acute or chronic cases of advanced or end-stage liver disease. Few studies have assessed the actual cost of LTx categorized by hospital unit.

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the cost of LTx categorized by unit specialty within a referral center in southern Brazil.

METHODS:

We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 109 patients undergoing LTx between April 2013 and December 2014. Data were collected on demographic characteristics, etiology of liver disease, and severity of liver disease according to the Child-Turcotte-Pugh (CTP) and Model for End-stage Liver Disease (MELD) scores at the time of LTx. The hospital bill was transformed into cost using the full absorption costing method, and the costs were grouped into five categories: Immediate Pretransplant Kit; Specialized Units; Surgical Unit; Intensive Care Unit; and Inpatient Unit.

RESULTS:

The mean total LTx cost was US$ 17,367. Surgical Unit, Specialized Units, and Intensive Care Unit accounted for 31.9%, 26.4% and 25.3% of the costs, respectively. Multivariate analysis showed that total LTx cost was significantly associated with CTP class C (P=0.001) and occurrence of complications (P=0.002). The following complications contributed to significantly increase the total LTx cost: septic shock (P=0.006), massive blood transfusion (P=0.007), and acute renal failure associated with renal replacement therapy (dialysis) (P=0.005).

CONCLUSION:

Our results demonstrated that the total cost of LTx is closely related to liver disease severity scores and the development of complications.

Keywords : Liver transplantation; Costs and cost analysis; Hospital costs; Medical economics; Delivery of health care.

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