Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria
Print version ISSN 0004-282X
TEDRUS, Gloria M.A.; ALBERTIN, M. Cristina and FONSECA, Lineu C.. Hemiballismus as a first manifestation of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome: case report. Arq. Neuro-Psiquiatr. [online]. 1994, vol.52, n.2, pp. 263-265. ISSN 0004-282X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0004-282X1994000200020.
There are few descriptions of movement disorders as an initial presentation of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). The authors report the case of a 54-year-old man who presented with hemiballismus of gradual onset. The computed axial tomographic scan showed a deep seated enhancing lesion with mass effect. Investigation revealed AIDS and a probable toxoplasmosis. It is concluded that AIDS must be considered in the aetiological diagnosis of patients with movement disorders.
Keywords : extrapyramidal syndrome; hemiballismus; acquired immunodeficiency syndrome.