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Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria

Print version ISSN 0004-282X


MELO, Ailton; GOMES, Irenio  and  MATTOS, Kilma. HTLV-I associated myelopathy: a systemic disease. Arq. Neuro-Psiquiatr. [online]. 1994, vol.52, n.3, pp.443-444. ISSN 0004-282X.

Chronic myelopathy associated with T-lymphotropic virus type I (HAM) has been described as an endemic disease in several areas of the world mainly in Asia, Africa and Latin America. The involvement of the central and the peripheral nervous system by HTLV-I observed in South America and Africa points out that this disease is a leukoencephalomyeloneuropathy. Several authors reported involvement outside the nervous system (as uveitis, lymphocytic alveolitis and arthritis, among others) in patients with HAM. In this paper we emphasize that HAM is a systemic disease whose cofactors determine the clinical picture in each patient.

Keywords : HTLV-I; leukoencephalomyeloneuropathy; systemic disease; tropical spastic paraparesis.

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