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Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria

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CAMPOSANO, S.  and  LOLAS, C. Alvarez F.. Personality dimensions: electrophysiological correlates. Arq. Neuro-Psiquiatr. [online]. 1994, vol.52, n.4, pp.489-492. ISSN 0004-282X.

Eysenck's personality theory postulates 3 orthogonal dimensions of personality: extraversión (E), neuroticism (N) and psychoticism (P), predicting conductual and physiological predispositions to suffer mental illness. Biological bases of Eysenck's personality traits have been documented electrophysiologically. Psychoticism, the latest described dimension, is controverted, since there is some evidence of common factors with the other two. In order to assess the relation between Eysenck's dimensions and sensorial reactivity and information encoding processes we studied 20 healthy young subjects (x age 28.5 years) with flash visual cortical evoked potentials (VEP, 3 intensities, peak to peak amplitude of III, IV-V-VI, VII components), and auditory cognitive evoked potentials (odd ball paradigm, P300 latency). There was a positive correlation between N and P dimensions (Spearman, r=0.52), between N and VEP amplitude at high intensity (r=0.58) and a negative correlation between E and P300 latency (r=-0.58). In short we found that P is not an independent dimension, but is related to sensorial reactivity. E dimension was related to encoding processes supporting Eysenck's aseverations about memory and learning differences.

Keywords : personality; dimension; evoked brain potenciáis.

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