Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria
versão impressa ISSN 0004-282X
OLIVEIRA-SOUZA, Ricardo de; FIGUEIREDO, Wagner Martignoni de e ANDREIUOLO, Pedro ângelo. Incontinence of crying and unilateral pontine infarct. Arq. Neuro-Psiquiatr. [online]. 1995, vol.53, n.3b, pp. 680-689. ISSN 0004-282X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0004-282X1995000400024.
A 64-year-old man presented with pathologic crying and right hemiplegia due to a unilateral pontine infarct from probable branch disease of the basilar artery. The circumscribed nature of the lesion was supported by MRI and short-latency evoked potentials. The weeping spells ceased after a few days of imipramine in low doses. Pathologic laughing and crying can be viewed as a limbic-motor disconnection syndrome, in which the faciovocal motor system is released from forebrain afferents carrying information of emotional content. The inclusion of pathologic laughing and crying in the syndrome pseudobulbar palsy is inaccurate and misleading, since each is related to distinct functional and anatomic systems intrinsic to the human brainstem.
Palavras-chave : pseudobulbar paralysis; pathologic laughing and crying; pure motor hemiplegia; imipramine.