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Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria

Print version ISSN 0004-282X


PUCCIONI-SOHLER, Marzia et al. The value of csf analysis for the differential diagnosis of HTLV-I associated myelopathy and multiple sclerosis. Arq. Neuro-Psiquiatr. [online]. 1995, vol.53, n.4, pp.760-765. ISSN 0004-282X.

Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and serum of 17 patients with HAM/TSP (HTLV-I associated myelopathy/ tropical spastic paraparesis), six with multiple sclerosis and six with idiopathic epilepsy (non inflammatory control) from Brazil were analysed for the presence of intrathecal synthesis of virus-specific antibodies against measles, rubella, varicella zoster virus and herpes simplex virus by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). All HAM/TSP and multiple sclerosis cases had an intrathecal immune response (oligoclonal IgG). In HAM/TSP, only 1/17 case showed a polyspecific intrathecal immune response against measles and rubella virus. In multiple sclerosis, specific antibodies against measles and rubella (MRZ response) were observed in all patients but not in the control with idiopathic epilepsy. The diagnostic and theoretical relevance of mono- and polyspecific immune responses is discussed for these chronic neurological diseases.

Keywords : HTLV-I; HAM/TSP; cerebrospinal fluid; antibody index.

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