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Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria

Print version ISSN 0004-282X

Abstract

MATTOS, Paulo. Citalopram, depression and pseudo dementia: A neuropsychological case study. Arq. Neuro-Psiquiatr. [online]. 1995, vol.53, n.4, pp.841-848. ISSN 0004-282X.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S0004-282X1995000500025.

The author presents a case of (depressive) pseudo dementia, commenting on the clinical and neuropsychological findings before and after the use of citalopram, a serotoninergic anti depressive drug. The case portrays the current criticism about the old dichotomy between non-reversible ("functional") and reversible ("organic") dementia. The 73 year old woman initially diagnosed as pseudo demented showed some mild cognitive deterioration in neuropsychological evaluation after the improvement of her depressive symptoms. Some reasons for the divergent findings on pseudo dementia prognosis in the literature are proposed.

Keywords : depression; dementia; pseudo dementia; citalopram.

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