Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria
versión impresa ISSN 0004-282X
ALOE, Flávio; PEDROSO, André y TAVARES, Stella Márcia. Epworth Sleepiness Scale outcome in 616 brazilian medical students. Arq. Neuro-Psiquiatr. [online]. 1997, vol.55, n.2, pp. 220-226. ISSN 0004-282X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0004-282X1997000200009.
The Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) measures daytime sleepiness in adults. This paper reports the following data in 616 medical students: 1 -ESS scores, 2-its correlation with the declared night sleep time, 3-comparison with ESS values obtained from Australia, 4-comparison of ESS values in a sub-population of 111 students tested early and late 1995. There were 387 males, 185 females and 4 not specified. Age = 20.16±2.23 (SD). ESS score = 10.00 ± 3.69 (SD), declared sleep time = 7.04± 1.03 (SD). ESS scores did not statistically correlate with sleep time. Average ESS score was statistically higher than in the Australian sample. Retesting of the medical students showed an increase in ESS values from March to November 1995. Sleep time difference was non-significant. Higher ESS scores in this sample seem to be related to shorter sleep time, but fatigue effects can not be ruled out.
Palabras llave : sleepiness; nighttime sleep; medical students; Epworth; questionnaire.