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Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria

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Abstract

BATISTA, MARCUS SABRY AZAR; NEVES, AFONSO CARLOS; SESSO, RICARDO C.C.  and  REIS-FILHO, JOÃO BATISTA DOS. Cerebrospinal fluid syndromes in patients with acute consciousness compromise. Arq. Neuro-Psiquiatr. [online]. 1998, vol.56, n.2, pp. 184-187. ISSN 0004-282X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0004-282X1998000200003.

We reviewed the laboratorycards of 200 analysis of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) performed to evaluate acute alterations of consciousness in adult patients attended in a neurological emergency room. 61% were men; the mean age was 46 years. The most common clinical data were infective and neurologic. The CSF was abnormal in 149 (74.5%) patients and the most common syndromes were: compressive (21%), hemorrhagic (11.5%), "viral" (8.5%), septic (7.5%), moderate hyperglycorrachia (6.5%), hydroelectrolytic disturbances (5.5%). There were some statistically significant correlations between CSF syndromes and clinical data: septic syndrome and fever and meningeal signs, hemorrhagic syndrome and headache and meningeal signs, CSF hydroelectrolytic disturbance syndrome and seizures, severe hyperproteinorrachia and headache, fever, meningeal signs and vomiting, moderate hyperproteinorrachia and age over 65 and male sex. We classified the abnormal results in two groups: 1 - sufficient for an immediate clinical decision; 2 - nonspecific. The former group was found in 27.5% of the patients and in 36.9% of the abnormal CSF results. In patients attending to neurologic emergency rooms with acute alterations of consciousness, the examination of the CSF frequently could contribute to an etiologic diagnosis. It must be performed after a rigorous clinical evaluation of the patient.

Keywords : cerebrospinal fluid; consciousness; emergency room.

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