Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria
Print version ISSN 0004-282X
On-line version ISSN 1678-4227
MACHADO, ALUÍZIO B.B.; MACHADO, ALEXANDRE A.C.; BARBUTO, JOSÉ ALEXANDRE M. and OLIVEIRA, RICARDO M. DE. Central nervous system metastases from breast carcinoma: a clinical and laboratorial study in 47 patients. Arq. Neuro-Psiquiatr. [online]. 1998, vol.56, n.2, pp.188-192. ISSN 0004-282X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0004-282X1998000200004.
In this retrospective study, 47 patients with clinical diagnosis of central nervous system metastases of breast cancer were evaluated by computerized tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) examination. The patients were divided in 2 groups: 1, without leptomeningeal neoplasm and 2, with leptomeningeal neoplasm. In the group 2, the time interval between the primary disease and the central nervous system metastasis as well as the survival time were shorter than in group 1 (40 and 4.3 months in group 2 versus 57 and 10 months respectively, in group 1). In both groups the most common neurological symptoms and signs were intracranial hypertension and motor deficits. The most sensitive diagnostic methods were CT and MRI in group 1, and the CSF examination in group 2. The use of the tumor markers CEA and CA-15.3 in the routine examination of CSF showed promising results, mainly in leptomeningeal forms.
Keywords : central nervous system metastasis; breast cancer; cerebrospinal fluid; tumor markers.