Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria
On-line version ISSN 1678-4227
ANDRADE JR., FRANCISCO CARLOS DE; ANDRADE, FRANCISCO CARLOS DE; ARAUJO FILHO, CELSO MACHADO DE and CARCAGNOLO FILHO, JOSÉ. Dysfunction of the temporalis muscle after pterional craniotomy for intracranial aneurysms: comparative, prospective and randomized study of one flap versus two flaps dieresis. Arq. Neuro-Psiquiatr. [online]. 1998, vol.56, n.2, pp. 200-205. ISSN 1678-4227. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0004-282X1998000200006.
Patients with intracranial aneurysm(s) of the carotid artery territory, treated with pterional craniotomy, were prospectively and randomly addressed to one layer flap (n=36) or myocutaneous (MC) versus two layers' dieresis (n=32) or interfascial (IF). The study protocol included the patient's sex, age, area of craniotomy, time of flap dieresis and synthesis, time of bone dieresis and synthesis, the intracranial time, including dura mater dieresis and synthesis and time of flap retraction. Before and after surgery, the patients were evaluated with examination specially oriented to V and VII cranial nerves, bi-temporal diameter measurement, the symmetry of the temporal region, tempora-mandibularis joint (TMJ) movements and cranial CT scan. The evaluations of the TMJ dysfunctions were postoperative pain, movement limitations at mastication, occlusion, mouth aperture and lateral movements of the jaw. The statistical analysis showed that the incidence of pain at TMJ and moderate and severe temporalis muscle atrophy was observed, comparing MC and IF, and there were significant differences among these ones, being greater in IF group. We concluded that both techniques permit equivalent access to the studied intracranial aneurysm(s), and the atrophy of temporalis muscle, pain and movement limitations of the temporomandibularis joint were prevalent, worse and more long-lasting in two-layers flap dieresis than in one-layer flap dieresis.
Keywords : atrophy temporalis muscle; intracranial aneurysm; postoperative complications; pterional craniotomy; surgical technique; temporalis muscle; temporomandibularis joint.