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Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria
On-line version ISSN 1678-4227
BRITO, JOSÉ CORREIA DE FARIAS; SILVA, JOSÉ ALBERTO GONÇALVES DA; NEVES, VALDIR DELMIRO and NOBREGA, PAULO VIRGOLINO DA. Intracranial arachnoid cysts: report of nine operated cases. Arq. Neuro-Psiquiatr. [online]. 1998, vol.56, n.2, pp. 218-222. ISSN 1678-4227. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0004-282X1998000200009.
Analysis of nine patients with intracranial arachnoid cysts surgically treated from 1974 to 1995. The treatment consisted of cystoperitoneal shunt in seven patients and craniotomy with excision of cyst membrane in the other two cases. After surgery, bacterial meningitis and failure shunt device were observed in three cases. Both the infectious process and the shunt device were respectively treated and corrected at once. It has been observed total clinical improvement in all nine cases. A review of the literature has been made and some pathophysiological, diagnostic and therapeutic aspects are discussed.
Keywords : arachnoid cyst; cystoperitoneal shunt; membranectomy; valve mechanism; computer tomography; magnetic ressonance; neuroendoscopy.