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Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria
On-line version ISSN 1678-4227
CALDAS, JOSÉ GUILHERME; DOYON, DOMINIQUE; LEDERMAN, HENRIQUE and CARLIER, ROBERT. Magnetic resonance study of the pineal region: normal pineal gland, simple cysts. Arq. Neuro-Psiquiatr. [online]. 1998, vol.56, n.2, pp. 237-244. ISSN 1678-4227. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0004-282X1998000200012.
A magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) study of the normal pineal gland and pineal simple cysts was performed in 762 cases. A fine section technique (maximum 3 millimeters) enabled most of the times the identifying of a normal pineal in addition to demonstrating that a pineal without any cyst shows an isointense signal in Tl and T2 which, in turn, is enhanced following gadolinium. The measure of the normal pineal was of about 6.1 millimeters in its diameter length. Pineal simple cysts were observed in a 2.6% frequency in relation to the whole series (762 cases); however reaches 6.1% when only the visualized pineals were considered (329 cases). Also, it was found out that simple cysts were not correlated to age or gender. Simple cysts characteristics are: dimension less or equal to 20 millimeters; absence of expansive effect; similar signal to that of the cerebrospinal fluid; absence of cyst growth.
Keywords : pineal cysts; pineal gland; encephalic tumors; magnetic resonance imaging.