Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria
On-line version ISSN 1678-4227
ANTONIUK, SÉRGIO; KOZAK, MARCELO FELIPE; MICHELON, LEANDRO and MONTEMOR NETTO, MÁRIO RODRIGUES. Prevalence of headache in children of a school from Curitiba, Brazil, comparing data obtained from children and parents. Arq. Neuro-Psiquiatr. [online]. 1998, vol.56, n.4, pp. 726-733. ISSN 1678-4227. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0004-282X1998000500005.
This study analyzed prevalence, frequency and cause of headache among 460 children ranging from 10 to 14 years-old from a Brazilian school. A questionnaire was handed both to children and parents to know if there would be differences among children and parental reports. The lifetime prevalence of headache was 93.5% (children reports) and 93.3% (parental reports). The last year prevalence was 90% (children) and 89.8% (parents). Headache episodes were frequent in 17.6% (children) and 18.5% (parents). The most often reported cause was "flu" (39.1% by children, and 46.7% by parents). This study demonstrated that the prevalence of headache in children is high; moreover, there were noted few differences between data obtained from children and parents. So, we could say that when the objective of a epidemiologic study is to determine the prevalence of headache in children, both children and parental reports may be used.
Keywords : headache; schoolchildren; epidemiology.