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Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria
On-line version ISSN 1678-4227
SCHELP, ARTHUR O. et al. Is the metabolic response self-limited in head trauma? Analysis of acute phase proteins and glycemia. Arq. Neuro-Psiquiatr. [online]. 1998, vol.56, n.4, pp. 778-788. ISSN 1678-4227. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0004-282X1998000500013.
There are many reports supporting a self-limitation mechanism involved with hypermetabolic response after severe cranial injury. It was proposed a study with severe head injury patients, in three stages of the evolution. The first 7 days after admission (moment 1- M1), the second three days latter (M2) and the last 7 days after the first (M3). Among male patients with severe head injury, attended between January 1992 and December 1993 in University Hospital of Botucatu, UNESP, were selected 28 male patients, with Glasgow severity scale between 4 and 6, with pO2< 70 mm Hg, weighting 60 kg or more. Among these patients, 6 finished the study, including analysis of the excretion of N, acute phase proteins, glycemia, triglycerides and amine nitrogen. During the study there were no changes in nitrogen balance and there was a decrease in protein C-reative. Glycemia tends to fall within two weeks after injury. The authors make some considerations about possible mechanisms involved in brain modulation associated with the period of dependence of hypermetabolism and hypercatabolism after closed brain injury. There are some evidences that the brain responds to head trauma with a gobal non specific way, which tends to be reorganized beyond the first two weeks after lesion. The study does not show any influence of the type and severity of head trauma.
Keywords : head injury; trauma; acute phase proteins; protein metabolism.