Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria
Print version ISSN 0004-282X
BRITO-MARQUES, Paulo Roberto de; MELLO, Roberto Vieira de and MONTENEGRO, Luciano. Frontoparietal cortical atrophy with gliosis in the gray matter of cerebral cortex: case report. Arq. Neuro-Psiquiatr. [online]. 2002, vol.60, n.2B, pp. 462-468. ISSN 0004-282X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0004-282X2002000300023.
The case of a patient who suffered from progressive amnesia, depressive humor, language and visuospatial disturbances, and hallucination episodies with interference at the daily living activities is reported. She had moderate neuropsichological diffuse deficits at the first examination, especially at the executive and visuo-constructive functions. Her cerebrospinal fluid test presented high total protein. Magnetic resonance image showed slight white matter increase in periventricular, semi-oval center bilateral and left external capsule regions, besides light frontal and parietal lobe atrophy, bilaterally. Brain single photon emission computerized tomography revealed both a bilateral moderate frontal and a severe parietal lobe hypoperfusion, especially on the left side. Macroscopic examination showed cortical atrophy, severe on the frontal, moderate on the parietal and mild on the posterior third temporal lobes, bilaterally. There was a slight atrophy on the neostriatum in the basal ganglia. The histopathological findings of the autopsy showed severe neuronal loss with intensive gemioscytic gliosis and variable degrees of status spongiosus in cortical layer. Hematoxylin-eosin and Bielschowsky staining did not show neuronal swelling (balooned cell), argyrophilic inclusion (Pick's bodies), neurofibrillary tangles nor senile plaques. Immunohistochemical staining for anti-ubiquitin, anti-tau, anti-b-amyloide, and anti-prion protein were tested negative.
Keywords : presenile dementia; cortical gliosis; diffuse neuronal loss; spongiosis; inespecific cortical atrophy.