Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria
On-line version ISSN 1678-4227
MENESES, Murilo Sousa de; CRUZ, André Vieira da; CASTRO, Izara de Almeida and PEDROZO, Ari A.. Stereoscopic neuroanatomy: comparative study between anaglyphic and light polarization techniques. Arq. Neuro-Psiquiatr. [online]. 2002, vol.60, n.3B, pp. 769-774. ISSN 1678-4227. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0004-282X2002000500017.
The need of didactic material is increasing in medical science nowadays. The lack of anatomical specimens, and the toxicity of conservators, have originated an intense search for alternative ways of demonstrating the human anatomy. As a solution for this difficulty, three-dimensional (3-D) images may be used, facilitating the learning process. This study aims at comparing and describing two techniques of reproduction of bi-dimensional images into three dimensions, which is called stereoscopy. The methods evaluated are filter of colors (anaglyphic) and polarized light. Techniques were analyzed for clearness and 3-D effect. Fourteen images were evaluated by 5 people, with scores ranging from 0 to 4. Total mean scores of polarized light was superior compared to the anaglyphic technique. Both methods use the codification of the image, which means separation and exclusivity with each eye seeing its corresponding image. After several photographic essays and gradual adaptation to a better technique, based on optical physics, photography and neuroanatomical knowledge, we concluded that both techniques are suitable means for production of 3-D images. The best technique, however, considering the final quality of image was polarized light, which did not alter the natural color of the specimen, conserving clearness of images with lower cost.
Keywords : estereoscopy; anaglyphic; polarization; human anatomy; neuroanatomy.