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Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria
On-line version ISSN 1678-4227
MAGALHAES, Lívia de Castro et al. A comparative study of the perceptual and motor performance at school age of preterm and full term children. Arq. Neuro-Psiquiatr. [online]. 2003, vol.61, n.2A, pp. 250-255. ISSN 1678-4227. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0004-282X2003000200016.
The objective of this study was to compare the perceptualmotor performance in school age children who were born preterm and full term. Two groups of children, ages 5 to 7, participated in this study. Group I had 35 children, from low-income families, born up to the 34 week of gestation and/or weight bellow 1500 g. Group II had 35 full-term children, matched by age, gender and socioeconomic status to the children in Group I. Children were tested on the Bender gestalt, the motor accuracy test and on balance and postural responses measures. The preterm group obtained significantly lower scores in the majority of the tests. These besides reinforcing the importance of the follow-up of preterm children up to school age, also indicate the need to stimulate the fine motor and postural control Devment, even among preterm children who do not show evidence of neurological impairment.
Keywords : prematurity; preterm infants; visuomotor coordination; child development; motor accuracy.